A lot of people are affected by periodontal disease or gum disease and hence, it has become a common affair to have bad breath or loss of tooth because of this ailment. Gum disease can even cause damage to the soft tissue and bone region that act as the support for your teeth.
Causes of Gum Disease
The main culprit that causes gum disease is bacteria in the mouth and when it joins forces with mucus and other substances, it can lead to a deadly force called 'plaque' that is bent on destroying the teeth and gums. When plaque is not removed, it hardens and turns into 'tartar' that will not go even when you brush your teeth. Tartar requires the expert hand of a dentist for its removal and till then, your teeth and gums will suffer.
There are also your lifestyle choices that have a lot of influence on your dental health, for example:
Prevention of Gum Disease
Good oral hygiene and regular visits to the dentis's will go a long way in preventing gum diseases. You might have heard this countless times before, but it is worth mentioning again that brushing teeth twice a day and regular flossing are irreplaceable when it comes to dental health.
Types of Gum Diseases
Most people suffer from this type of gum disease and it is identified by bleeding and mild inflammation of the gums. Gingivitis will usually clear up when you follow good oral habits, and regular professional teeth cleanings. This is a mild type of gum disease as there is no loss of gum or bone tissue.
Untreated gingivitis can lead to a severe type of gum disease called Periodontitis, which literally means the tooth region becoming inflamed. This is a severe type of gum disease where there is a separation of the gums from the tooth and pockets begin to form. Unless you receive periodontal treatment, these pockets get infected and there could be loss of teeth, bone tissues and connective tissues. There are three types that one has to be aware of. They are:
Symptoms of Gum Diseases
Treating Gum Diseases
Imagine smiling with red and swollen teeth! However, there is no need to be mortified any longer, thanks to technical developments, the treatment for gum diseases has achieved another level and patients can get their beautiful smile back in no time at all. Most of the time dentists just recommend a thorough cleaning of the teeth and gums along with medicated mouthwashes. The infection causing plaque is targeted first and removed using a process called scaling and the plaque is removed from all over the teeth and gums. The next step is root planning where the rough spots on the teeth are removed so that bacteria will be deterred from gathering there.
In extreme cases, your dentist might recommend you to an experienced periodontist. Periodontists are experts when it comes to gum diseases and they usually have various kinds of treatments not usually used by dentists at their disposal.
One of the most used tools by a periodontist is a soft tissue laser which is very effective while the patient suffers little or no pain. The periodontist will aim to control the infection first and you might need to schedule several visits depending upon the severity of your problem. However, there is no better cure than regular visits to your dentists so that they can detect any problems early and nip the disease in the bud.
If you live in or around Bellevue or Seattle, Washington, please contact the Bellevue family dentists at Cooley Smiles today to schedule a periodontal examination, gum treatment, and professional cleaning.